Evaluation of formaldehyde and binary ethylenimine inactivated Newcastle Disease Virus Vaccine from new isolate compared with imported NDV vaccine

Document Type : Original Article


1 live viral vaccines for poultry diseases, CLEVB,Abbasia Cairo

2 virology veterinary medicine Benha university

3 Department of Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University

4 poultry diseases and Techniqual manager, CLEVB, Abbasia, Cairo


Even massive vaccination programs, the incidence of Newcastle Disease virus (NDV) outbreaks in Egypt is still frequent with appearing new isolates that need production of new vaccines. In this study, NDV vaccine was prepared by using a new local isolate (NDV/Ch/Giza2014) inactivated by two different chemicals binary ethylenimine (BEI) and formaldehyde. The formaldehyde inactivated NDV (NDVF), BEI inactivated NDV (NDVEI) and imported inactivated Newcastle Disease virus (NDVI) vaccines were examined for generating humoral immune response in different groups of specific pathogen free (SPF) chicks. Vaccinated Chicks by NDVEI vaccine gave higher serum antibody titers than NDVF and NDVI Vaccines using Haemagglutination Inhibition (HI) test. The prepared and imported vaccines gave near percentage of protection against the local and the classical strain in chicks. It could be concluded that the locally prepared inactivated NDV vaccines can protect chicken against either homologous or heterologous challenging viruses and the NDVEI Vaccine gave higher protection percentage than NDVF and NDVI Vaccines.


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