Guide for Authors


Guide for Authors

Tutorial Videos 

Author Guide Video

Reviewer Guide Video

Editor Guide Video 

Types of papers:  

Original article:

Papers should report the results of original research. The material should not have been previously published elsewhere.It shouldn’t exceed 4000 words, 8 figures and/or tables, with maximum 40 references

Short Communications:

Should not exceed 1600 words and include no more than two tables or figures and 15 references. They should have an abstract but no other divisions. Typescripts should be clearly marked Short Communication.

Review articles:

Review articles on veterinary topics are invited for publication. They should give an update on recent advances in a particular field of veterinary sciences; the length should not exceed 3000 words.

List of Journal topics:

The fields of the journal are: Anatomy and embryology, Histology, Animal Nutrition, poultry diseases, Aquatic animals diseases, Microbiology, immunology, Biochemistry, Clinical Pathology, pathology,  Internal Medicine, Infectious diseases, Parasitology, Pathology, Pharmacology, Physiology, Meat and Milk hygiene, Surgery, Theriogenology, Forensic medicine and toxicology, Animal Production, genetics, farm economics, zoonoses, Animal behavior, Animal hygiene and biostatistics.

Article Format and layout:

Authors submitting papers that are suitable for consideration but do not comply fully with this Guide will be asked to amend the text and re-submit. 

Original Articles should be no longer than 4,000 words in length, including, the Title page, Abstract, Acknowledgements, Tables, Figures and References.

Reviews should be about 3,000 words in length and Short Communications up to 1,600 words.

Original Articles should be arranged as follows: (1) Title page; (2) an Abstract of up to 250 words (with no sub-headings), which should emphasize objectives, the experimental procedure, results and conclusions; up to five Keywords and in Sentence case should be supplied below the Abstract; (3) the main text must be sub-divided into Introduction, Material and methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusions; (4) Conflict of interest statement; (5) Acknowledgements; (6) References; (7) Tables; (uploaded as separate files); (8) Figure legends; (9) Figures (uploaded as separate files).

Please note:

-       Insert a page break only after the Title page, after the Abstract with Keywords, after the References section, between each Table, and before the Legends to figures.

-       The Results and Discussion sections must be distinct and not combined.

-       Avoid sub-headings in the Discussion section.

-       References must not be included within the Conclusions section.

-       Figure legends should be included in the main manuscript file. Each table and figure should be uploaded as a separate file (Fig. 1, Fig. 2 etc.).

Short Communications should follow the requirements for full manuscripts, but the text must not exceed 1,600 words and the paper should not be divided into conventional sections. Headings for the Abstract, Keywords, Acknowledgements, Conflict of interest statement and References should be included, but there should be no other headings or subheadings in the main text. There should be no more than 15 references in a Short Communication. An Abstract of not more than 125 words is required and up to five Keywords should be supplied below it.

Review Articles may be commissioned or proposed. Review Articles may cover any relevant aspect of veterinary science or comparative medicine, but must have sufficient scope and depth to be able to make an important contribution to the field. Review Articles should be written in support of original investigations, which means that the authors will have made an important contribution to the field, will have published within the field and should be able to cite some of their own relevant work. Review Articles should be written as balanced, critical appraisals of published evidence, with appropriate reference to the work of published authors on the topic. They should be about 4,000 words in length and should follow the layout for Original Articles, but with the main text subdivided as appropriate to the subject matter, starting with an Abstract and Introduction, and incorporating a Conclusions section and a Conflict of interest statement.

Article Preparation Guidelines

• Title. The title should be limited to 25 words or less and should not contain abbreviations. The title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper.

• Author names and affiliations. Complete names and affiliation of all authors, including contact details of corresponding author (Telephone, Fax and E-mail address).

• Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. This responsibility includes answering any future queries about Methodology and Material. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.

• Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

• Abstract. A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.


• Introduction The introduction should set the tone of the paper by providing a clear statement of the study, the relevant literature on the study subject and the proposed approach or solution. The introduction should be general enough to attract a reader’s attention from a broad range of scientific disciplines.

• Material and Methods This section should provide a complete overview of the design of the study. Detailed descriptions of materials or participants, comparisons, interventions and types of analysis should be mentioned. However, only new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly. Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer's name and address.

• Results The results section should provide complete details of the experiment that are required to support the conclusion of the study. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the authors' experiments. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense.

• Acknowledgments Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article etc.).

• Tables

-       Large tables should be avoided.

-       If many data are to be presented, an attempt should be made to divide them over two or more tables.

-       Tables should be numbered according to their sequence in the text. The text should include references to all tables.

-       Each table should occupy a separate page of the manuscript. Tables should never be included in the text.

-       Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title.

-       Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory. Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses.

-       Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Leave some extra space between the columns instead.

-       Any explanation essential for understanding the table should be provided as a footnote at the bottom of the table.

• Illustrations or Figures

All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) should be submitted as separate files, preferably in JPEG, TIFF or EPS format.

-       Illustrations should be numbered according to their sequence in the text. References should be made in the text to each illustration.

-       Please make sure that the figures will be printed at 8 cm (one column) or 16.5 cm (double column) in horizontal width by less than 19 cm in vertical length. Illustrations should be of such a size as to allow a reduction of 50%.

-       Lettering should be big enough to allow a reduction of 50% without becoming illegible. Any lettering should be in English.

-       If a scale should be given, use bar scales on all illustrations instead of numerical scales that must be changed with reduction.

-       Each illustration should have a caption. The captions of all illustrations should be typed on a separate sheet of the manuscript.

-       Explanations should be given in the figure legend(s).

-       Photographs are only acceptable if they have good contrast and intensity (resolution, 300 pixels/inch). 

  • References

All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references following the text of the manuscript. The manuscript should be carefully checked to ensure that the spelling of author`s names and dates are exactly the same in the text as in the reference list.

In the text refer to the author`s name (without initial) and year of publication, followed - if necessary. Examples: "Since Peterson (1988) has shown that..." "This is in agreement with results obtained later (Kramer, 1989)".

If a reference in the text is written by more than two authors the name of the first author should be used followed by "et al." This indication, however, should never be used in the list of references. In this list names of first author and co-authors should be mentioned.

  • Authors are strongly advised to use reference management software such as EndNote. However, references should be checked carefully for accuracy and corrected manually to ensure the format matches exactly the BVMJ style described below.
  • Only essential references should be included. Text citations can be in either of two ways: (a) with date in parentheses, e.g. as demonstrated by Mills (2011); or (b) with names and dates in parentheses, e.g. according to recent findings (Mills, 2011). If a citation has more than two Authors the first Author should be given followed by et al. in standard text format (not italicised), e.g. Jones et al. (2007) or (Jones et al., 2007). Where lists of references are cited in the text, they should be placed first chronologically and then alphabetically, e.g. (Philbey et al., 2003; Cassidy and Mills, 2005; Litster, 2010). If two or more references by the same Author(s) published in the same year are cited, they should be distinguished from each other by placing a, b, etc. after the year, e.g., (Laven, 2011a, b; Laven and Smith, 2010a, b).
  • Papers that are in press may be cited using the year of acceptance where the digital object identifier (doi number) has been allocated. This can be updated to the year of print publication at the proof stage if the cited paper has been published. In the Reference list, quote the doi number where details of the journal volume and page numbers are yet not known.
  • The Reference list at the end of the paper should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. References should be single-spaced and a line break should be inserted between each reference. All Authors should be included up to 10, after which you should write 'et al.'; Please note that, in all cases Journal titles must be given in full. Volume numbers and full page numbers should be provided, References should be set out as follows:

Journal reference - Yang, Y., Dahly-Vernon, A.J., Blomme, E.A.G., Lai-Zhang, J., Kempf, D.J., Marsh, K.C., Harrington, Y.A., Nye, S.H., Evans, D.L., Roman, R.J. et al., 2010. Liver transcriptomic changes associated with ritonavir-induced hyperlipidemia in sensitive and resistant strains of rats. The Veterinary Journal 185, 75-82.

Book reference - Cunningham, J.C., Klein, B.G., 2007. Endocrinology. In: Textbook of Veterinary Physiology, Fourth Edn. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, MO, USA, pp. 439-448.

Proceedings - Elbers, A.R., Mintiens, K., Staubach, C., Gerbier, G., Meiswinkel, R., Hendrinckx, G., Backx, A., Conraths, F.J., Meroc, E., Ducheyne, E., et al., 2007. Bluetongue virus serotype 8 epidemic in North-western Europe in 2006: Preliminary findings. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Dipoli, Finland, 28th-30th March 2007 pp. 231-245.

Thesis - Duz, M. 2009. Assessment of a methodology for determination of H2O2 concentration and pH in exhaled breath condensate in horses with and without lower airway inflammation. Thesis, Master of Veterinary Medicine, University of Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Web addresses - FAOSTAT, 2008. Food and Agricultural Organization Statistical Database: Live Animals. (accessed 15 July 2010).

Editorial Review

All manuscripts are subjected to peer review. If changes are requested, revisions received later than 2 months after this request will be treated as new submissions. When changes are made, the corresponding author should go into resubmission under title of submission of revised manuscript, and a word document should be uploaded that indicates changes and modifications done.

Charge for Text page:

 A submission charge for foreigners 150 $ and 850 EGP for Egyptians will be levied for each manuscript. After the paper is accepted, the submission charge is to be paid when requested by Benha Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. A submission charge will not be levied for Review articles submitted at the invitation of the Editorial Board.

Manuscript Submission:

The Journal accepts online submissions only. All the submission for BVMJ occurs through electronic submission. Articles should be divided into files as follows and uploaded to the website.

Submission of an article is understood to imply that the article is original and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. Submission also implies that all authors have approved the paper for release and are in agreement with its content. 

Cover letter: All submissions should be accompanied by 500 words or less cover letter briefly stating the significance of the research, agreement of authors for publication, number of figures and tables, supporting manuscripts, and supplementary information.

Submission checklist 

You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal (through online submission) for review.

Ensure that the following items are present:

One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:

• E-mail address

• Full postal address

All necessary files have been uploaded:


• Include keywords

• All figures (include relevant legends)

• All tables (including titles, description, footnotes)

• Ensure all figures and tables citations in the text match the files provided

• Indicate clearly if color should be used for any figures in print

Further considerations

• Manuscript has been 'spell checked' and 'grammar checked'

• All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa

• Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet)

• Referee suggestions and contact details provided, based on journal requirements.

Publication decisions 

  The Editor-in-Chief of the journal is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The editor may be guided by the editorial policies of the journal and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editor may confer with the members of the Editorial Board or reviewers in making this decision. The Editor-in-Chief and the reviewers evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.


  The Editor-in-Chief, the members of the Editorial Board, and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the authors of the manuscript, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.


  The papers accepted for submission and publication in "Benha Veterinary Medical Journal" are supposed to be original and not previously published elsewhere except for abstracts presented in local and international conferences. The journal editorial board has the right to withdraw the articles if found published in full elsewhere or an issue of plagiarism was raised and the authors will not be allowed to submit any other papers to the journal in the future.


All manuscripts submitted to the Benha Veterinary Medical Journal are subjected to plagiarism check.


Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) and that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. (See copyright form)

Proofs and Reprints:

Electronic proofs will be sent as an e-mail attachment to the corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage. Published articles can be freely downloaded from the journal site.