Histamine as a quality parameter in marine fish

Document Type : Original Article


1 Food Hygiene Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Banha university

2 Animal Health Research Institute, Tanta lab


Histamine is a member of a group of compounds known as biogenic amines; Biogenic amines are biologically active
compounds normally produced by decarboxylation of free amino acids and are present in a variety of foods, eg fish, fish
products, meat, cheese and fermented foods. The presence of biogenic amines in these foods is an indicator of food
spoilage. Histamine content is an essential quality parameter in sea food quality. In the present study a total of 90 random
samples of fresh fishes represented by Pagrus, Barboni and Sardine (30 of each) were collected at different times from
various fish markets in Gharbia governorate, Egypt, and examined for the presence of histamine by ELISA. The results
revealed that 36.7%were acceptable and 63.3% non-acceptable for Sardine, 53.3% were acceptable while 46.7% nonacceptable
for Barboni and 66.7% were acceptable and 33.3% non-acceptable for Pagrus