Kaempferol Motivative Effects on Mitochondrial Antioxidant Function and Intrinsic Antioxidant Enzymes of Buffalo Oocytes (Part-II)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University.

2 Theriogenology department -benha university- faculty of veterinary medicine.

3 1) Artificial Insemination and Embryo Transfer Department, Animal Reproduction Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Al Haram, Giza, Egypt.

4 Animal Wealth Development Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University.

5 Department of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University,

6 Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine , Benha University


Many of Kaempferol’s biological functions have been widely investigated, but its role in animal reproduction still needs great attention and exploration, especially in assisted reproductive techniques due to its promising mechanisms in modulating oxidative stress. The current study aimed to explore its roles in maintaining the redox hemostasis of buffalo oocytes that matured in vitro in the presence of different Kaempferol concentrations (0,5,10 and 15 µg/ml). The current study revealed for the first time that Kaempferol at 10 µg/ml has great capability to scavenge the generated free radicals such as H2O2 (26.4±2.27 ng/ml), and nitric oxide (25.9±2.63 nmol/L). Moreover, it significantly attenuates the rate of lipid peroxidation (1.77±0.17 nmol/L) in buffalo oocytes matured in vitro. Firstly, by enhancing the scavenging mechanisms. Secondly, by increasing the intrinsic antioxidants enzymes synthesis such as SOD (33.70±2.96 U/ml), and GSH (5.51±0.37 nmol/l). Additionally, the current results revealed that Kaempferol can protect the oocyte mitochondria from apoptosis by increasing the intra-mitochondrial antioxidants such as SOD (4.46±0.21 nmol/mg) which prevents mitochondrial dysfunction. In conclusion, Kaempferol’s addition to the in vitro maturation media of buffalo oocytes significantly ameliorates its developmental competence by increasing its quality and developmental potentials as a whole, controlling the redox hemostasis by scavenging actions as well as by enhancing the production of intrinsic antioxidant enzymes, and finally by protecting the mitochondrial functions.


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