Clinical, haematobiochemical, ultrasonographical, and ruminal alterations in camels diagnosed with various digestive troubles

Document Type : Original Article


1 internal medicine department, Faculty of veterinary medicine, Arish university, Egypt, Gharbia, Zefta

2 Dept ِِAnimal Medicine, Faculty vet Medicine.. Benha University

3 Department of Animal Medicine ,Faculty of veterinary medicine ,Benha university, Egypt ,Qalubia, Toukh

4 department of Animal medicine, faculty of veterinary medicine, menofia university

5 department of animal and poultry health ,Desert research center


Seventeen she camels aged (8-10) years old and weighting (350- 400) kg were screened for the digestive disorders. Seven camels (40%) were healthy and set as control, four camels (24%) suffered from simple indigestion (SI), three camels (18%) suffered from ruminal acidosis (RA), and three camels (18%) suffered from other digestive disorders (12% foreign body and 6% liver fibrosis). Results of clinical examination revealed that body temperature, respiratory rate, and pulse rate were significantly (P < 0.05) increased in RA group compared to control while ruminal movements in both RA and SI groups were significantly decreased. The hematological findings showed significant increase in Hb, RBCs, PCV%, WBCs, and platelets in RA group compared to control. Biochemically, there was a significant increase in ALT, AST, GGT, urea, Creatinine, and K and significant decrease in ALP, albumin, globulin, total protein, A/G ratio, Na, Cl, Ca, P and Mg in RA group compared to control. Ruminal juice examination revealed a significant increase in SAT, MBRT, and significant decrease in ruminal pH, protozoal count and activity in both RA and SI groups. Ultrasonographically, the ruminal wall and reticular wall thickness were significantly increased in RA group only while small intestine diameter was significantly increased in both RA and SI groups. The content of abomasum and small intestine appeared more echoic in both RA and SI groups. It is concluded that different types of indigestion, particularly the RA can produce haematobiochemical and ultrasonographical changes with alterations in ruminal juice characters in camels.


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