xylazine, ketamine and propofol general anesthesia for laparoscopic intervention in goats

Document Type : Original Article


Surgery, Anesthesiology and Radiology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University.


The use of the laparoscope technique witnessed a great acceleration during the last two decades in human medicine. It began to be used recently in small ruminants after it was used in the field of medicine and surgery for pets. The reliance on the laparoscope technique instead of the classical surgical intervention is due to its advantages.
The use of goats as a model for training comes from the fact that they are docile and easily tractable, the ease and simplicity in raising, feeding and living them, their strength to bear pain and the speed healing of their wounds.
Laparoscopy could be useful teaching aid for student and surgeon, facilitating better understand of anatomy and on the development of surgical skills.
The use of an anesthetic protocol consists of xylazine Hcl at a dose of 0.05mg/kg bwt, ketamine Hcl at a dose of 3.5 mg/kg bwt and propofol by a dose rate 2.5 mg/kg bwt, fully satisfies the purpose of laparoscopic intervention in goats in terms of duration of anesthesia, the competence of entry into anesthesia as well as the quality of recovery.
Therefore, this study aims to suggest the best way to total intravenous anesthesia for the goats underwent laparoscope intervention.


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