Ameliorative effect of lemon balm on eltroxin induced-hyperthyroidism in rats

Document Type : Original Article


1 Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Department, Faculty of Vet. Med. Benha University, Egypt.

2 Health Radiation Research, National Center for Radiation Research and Technology, Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority, Cairo, Egypt.


Lemon balm has many therapeutic effects including antimicrobial activity (anti-parasitic, antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, etc.). Various studies have shown that Lemon balm possesses a high amount of antioxidant activity through its chemical components including high
amount of flavonoids, rosmaric acid, gallic acid and phenolic contents. This study was designed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of LB Extract against hyperthyroidism induced by Eltroxin .
Hyperthyroidism was induced by injecting rats with Eltroxin (100 μg/kg/ day) for 14 days. The hyperthyroid rats were orally treated with LB extract (75 mg/kg/day) at the beginning of the second week of the Eltroxin injection and continued for another week. The levels of TSH , T3 ,T4 and oxidative biomarkers (NO and CAT ) were measured using commercial kits. Thyroid specimens were taken for histopathological examination .
LB Extract reversed the effect of Eltroxin on rats and attenuated the thyroid hormones Additionally, LB Extract alleviated the inflammatory response by suppressing the NO and increasing CAT when compared to hyper group, Accordingly, these results might strengthen the protective effect of LB Extract in a rat model of hyperthyroidism .
Keywords: Lemon balm, hyperthyroidism, thyroid hormones, oxidative biomarkers.


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