Cowpea 11S globulin spray quadruples shrimp shelf-life and maintains freshness

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Food Hygiene and Control, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University, Tukh, Qalyubia 13736, Egypt

2 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University (ZU) Zagazig 44519EGYPT

3 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University (ZU) Zagazig, 44519, EGYPT


Shrimp preservation is of interest to food scientists and processors because of the restricted shelf life caused by microbial spoilage, black spot formation, and the associated financial losses and food safety risks. The current study was conducted to determine the preservative impacts of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) 11S globulin (CPEG) spray on tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) shelf-life and physicochemical characteristics, as well as optimum field preservative levels. Fresh peeled tiger shrimp were sprayed with either 100 µg/ml (CPEG1) or 200 µg/ml (CPEG2) of CPEG at a rate of 2 ml/100 gm and refrigerated at 2±0.5°C. The control shrimp received only sterile distilled water. After 12 storage days, CPEG2-sprayed shrimp displayed a steadily rising pH trend, reaching 7.3, whereas control and CPEG1-sprayed shrimp demonstrated a V-pH curve. Though not entirely significant, 200 µg/ml of CPEG spray improved shrimp WHC and drip loss attributes. Compared to the apparent increasing curves of control shrimp's native microbial curves, which culminated in clear spoilage on the eighth day, CPEG-treated shrimp at both doses did not exceed 6 log cfu/gm for the entire twelve-day chilling period. Also, both CPEG levels exhibited a significant antioxidant impact compared to the control. The retarding effect of CPEG on treated shrimp native microbial curves and malondialdehyde was dose-dependent. Therefore, the shrimp's shelf life can potentially be extended while preserving its safety and quality by using the CPEG spray, which works best at 200 µg/ml.


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