Bacteriological profile and antibiogram of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from sheep and goats abscess

Document Type : Original Article


1 bacteriology,immunology and mycology department,veterinary medicine faculty,Benha university,Benha city,Egypt.

2 Bacteriology, Immunology, and Mycology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University, Benha, Egypt

3 Microbiology, Directorate of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef, Egypt.

4 Microbiology, Directorate of Veterinary Medicine, Beni-Suef, Egypt


Sheep and goat in Egypt are at risk of being affected by abscess disease, a pyogenic infection causes pyogenic abscess formation in superficial lymph nodes, emaciation and wasting of the animal bodies necessitating culling of the animal from the herd and partial or complete carcass condemnation in the abattoir. Staph aureus is one of the main causative agents of abscess formation. The present study was designed to throw light on the prevalence of Staph aureus (S. aureus) causing abscess disease in sheep and goats in Beni-Suef governorate in Egypt. This study was conducted on 200 pus swab samples collected from many flocks in Beni-Suef Governorate from the period of (March 2016 - April 2017) include 165 living Balady sheep and 35 living goat (6 month -3 years old). Out of 200 samples, S. aureus (30 isolates), 26 from sheep (15.75%) and 4 (11.4%) from goat in a total prevalence of 15% were recovered and identified. Full antibiogram of all recovered isolates proved the sensitivity of S. aureus being (90%) to ciprofloxacin, (93.3%) to gentamicin and (60%) to rifampicin. The isolates show high resistance to other antibiotics as their sensitivity were only (6.7 %) to penicillin G and vancomycin and (10 %) to spectinomycin. These results recommend using of ciprofloxacin, gentamicin and rifampicin for the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus infection.


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