Document Type : Original Article
Military Veterinary Services Administration, The Egyptian Armed Forces (EAF)
Aquatic animals' medicine Dept., Faculty of veterinary medicine, Benha University, Egypt.
Aquatic Animals' Medicine Dept., Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University, Egypt
Aquatic Animals' Medicine Dept., Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Benha University, Egypt.
Aquatic animals' medicine dept., Faculty of veterinary medicine, Benha University, Egypt.
Aquaculture has been a growing provider of animal protein industry in recent decades. Tilapia is a very valued fish cultivated across a vast geographical region in numerous countries, including Egypt. Tilapia has the advantage of being tolerant of a wide range of environmental circumstances and utilizing food from the lowest trophic levels. In recent decades, aquaculture has become a greater contribution to animal protein supply. Tilapia is a highly valued fish grown in a wide range of nations, including Egypt, as a source of animal protein. Tilapia has the ability to be tolerant to various environmental conditions.
Some natural bio-friendly feed additives such as probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics are become a new approach in aquaculture industry to maintain aquaculture species health and a good environment at the same time produce chemical and antibiotic-free aquaculture product they becoming popular dietary supplements with the potential to increase not only growth performance, but also immunological competence and general well-being of fish and crustaceans. The prebiotics preparations are known to be important feed additives to be used in the aquaculture industry to sustain both aquatic species' and environmental health. This makes them popular incorporations to enhance not only the growth indicators but also the immunological competence and general well-being of fish and crustaceans.
The current review paper focuses on the possible effects of phospholipids (P.L) containing prebiotics on the health, immunological response, growth performance, and survival of oreochromis niloticus.